The United States has Known as the melting pot, Because of its demographic composition of different cultures, ethnicities, religions and languages. But what form does this mixture take? How has it changed over time?
Over 100 years ago, this video is from Kaj talungs It assesses how the demographics of America changed from 1901 to 2020. It uses data from multiple sources including the US Census Bureau, National Center for Health Statistics, and the Human Mortality Database.
Look at the total population
As Avery Cobb of Visual Capitalist notes, the clearest thing to take away from this animation is that America’s population has skyrocketed over the past century. America’s population has grown from 77 million in 1901 to over 330 million In 2020 – or total growth 330% over a period of 119 years.
The United States continued to add to its total population. Here is a quick look at the population in 2021 by regional division:
Here’s a quick look at how some of the population shakes up, across the country’s 10 most populous states:
Digging a little deeper, the country’s demographic divisions have changed dramatically over the past 100 years. While the ratio of men and women is a clear, almost even division, age and racial distributions have changed radically.
For starters, although birth rates have remained fairly strong in the United States, they are slowing down over time. This is similar to many other Western countries, and could eventually lead to an increase in the proportion of elderly people as well as an increase in the financial cost of supporting their care. In addition, fewer births lead to a depletion of the labor force as the youth population shrinks.
Shares of blacks, Asians, Hispanics, and people of two or more races are also increasing. In fact, between 2010 and 2020, the number of people who identify as two or more races has increased tremendously. 276%.
The following is a snapshot of some other demographic growth rates during the period 2010-2020:
Black or African American population alone: +5.6%
Population of Asia alone: +35.5%
Hispanic or Latino population: +23%
White population: -9%
I look forward
Like many countries, population “aging” will become a concern in the United States.
By 2060, it is expected that 95 million Americans will be over 65. But the share of those 18 and under will also continue to grow (albeit at a much slower pace) from 74 million people in 2020 to 80 million in 2060.
Another interesting insight from the Census Bureau is that from 2016 to 2060, the American-born population is expected to grow by only 20%, while the foreign-born population—the proportion of the population that will immigrate to the United States—is expected to rise. 58%.
True to the melting pot’s moniker, America’s demographics will continue to change dramatically over the coming decades.